Circumvent – Go Around – Assassinate the rules
While Lincoln Slept
Hi-Crush Partners, a Texas-based firm, has been sneaking about in the tranquil coulees and bluffs of the Town of Lincoln in Trempealeau County over the past months, employing tactics of deceit and corruption – like circumventing the Trempealeau County Board moratorium on sand mining.
Proposed annexation (land grab) of 622,797 acres
This is not a “sand mine” this is a plan to transform Whitehall, Lincoln, and Independence into a corporate mining operation, not for sand mining, but for the production of proppants – a whole different, mean and nasty animal.
By Chuck Rupnow Leader-Telegram staff
Hi-Crush has already paid about $4 million for town of Lincoln land in preparation for the operation. Other town property owners have petitioned Whitehall and Independence for annexation to the cities. If accepted, Hi-Crush would be restricted by those municipalities’ ordinances, circumventing the county’s moratorium. Leader Telegram
History of Tactics
This is how mining companies work – like carpenter ants gnawing at the foundation, behind the scenes, recruiting people with a vested interests to circumvent the rules of democracy like so many dry rotted roof joists. Carpenter ants.
Read some of the history of frac sand mine tactics
Fighting the “sand man” – Little towns fighting big money
No joke. The vote was to approve use of a parcel of land owned by one of the three voting board members Rodney Marfilus! Bridgeport Mine – Supervisor gets the check!
Over persistent opposition from citizens, on Monday night the Glenwood City council went into a closed-session meeting with representatives of Texas frac sand company Vista Sand. Many citizens feel they were left without legal representation at the closed-session meeting. Hudson Patch
The same tactics in Whitehall Wednesday Sept. 18
WHITEHALL Wis. (WEAU)- It’s a hot button issue that has an entire town buzzing. Wednesday night, the City of Whitehall was supposed to have a public discussion on a sand mine proposal, but the meeting ended without any public feedback.
The city of Whitehall says it wants to get more answers from Hi-Crush Partners, the company proposing the development of a $75 million dollar mining operation that would allow for 30 years’ worth of mining.
The meeting was set to talk about annexing land for Hi-Crush to mine sand. That’s the same company operating near Augusta and Sparta.
A little over 20 minutes into the meeting the chairman called it to an end saying the committee did not feel that they had enough information to move forward with a public discussion.
“I’m going to have to apologize to the people who showed up tonight but I’m adjourning committee until we have some answers,” Committee of the Whole Chairman Dan Schreiner said.
Schriener said he adjourned the meeting Wednesday night before public discussion because he wants to make sure the members of the committee have more answers before they make a decision on the annexation of land for a proposed mine.
“The council is doing what they can to get the information that they need to on this very important issue,” Shriener explained. “With the right information I think the council feels confident that we can make an informed decision for the city.” WEAU TV
Wisconsin State statutes pertaining to annexation are found in Chapter 66, Wis. Stats.. The original survey for the state set up towns, 6 mile by 6 mile squares as the units of government for plots of largely undeveloped land. As commercial centers grew, it was anticipated they would be incorporated as villages and cities with their own governments, and the land encompassing them extracted from their surrounding township. So the statutes were devised to render the towns nearly defenseless against annexation by villages or cities.
There are a couple of different ways that land in towns can be annexed into a village or city. The process may be initiated by property owners seeking annexation of their lands, or by electors residing in the area sought to be annexed, or by referendum. (§66.0217).
There are various notice requirements and procedures attendant to each process. The State Dept. of Administration must review annexation notices and decide whether it is in the public interest, which opinion the annexing village must then review. It can get pretty complicated.
The advice of a former State Attorney is to generate grass roots opposition and talk to the town supervisors in the area sought to be annexed—unless they are in the pocket of the mine interests, generally town officials don’t want their land and tax base taken away. If they can become allies, they have municipal attorneys who should be all too familiar with the annexation process.
Contact City Officials
23688 Adams St. Independence WI 54747 US
715 985 3055
Mayor Robert Baecker
Clerk/Treasurer Lenice Pronschinske
Deputy Clerk Valerie McCormick
City Attorney LaVerne Michalak
Dr. Duane Sackett
The really small stuff of the FRACinstein Monster
Particles are dangerous for our health. The toxicity of particles depends on their chemical composition and their size: the finer the particle is, the deeper it penetrates into our lungs. Scientists classify particles into two different size ranges which are known as PM10 and PM2.5.
“PM” stands for Particulate Matter which is another name for particles. PM10 refers to all particles which are less than 10 microns (µm) in size. PM2.5 refers to all particles less than 2.5 µm in size. The size of airborne particles is significant as this determines where in the respiratory tract the particles are deposited when we breathe them in. It also governs how the particles are cleared from our system and how quickly. Particles and Respiratory tract
The boy fishing in the photo is breathing in the air. The skeletal diagram shows where the different sizes particles end up in the respiratory system. The smallest size particles become lodged deep with the lungs.
Hi Crush makes and distributes proppants
A proppant is a material that will keep an induced hydraulic fracture open, during or following a fracturing treatment.
Hi Cursh is buying up sand frac land in Wisconsin makes many of these proppants. One of these proppants, ATLAS CRC-E, is described on there web site:
ATLAS CRC-E is coated using proprietary technologies engineered to minimize fines.
CRC-E has good crush resistance even prior to exposure to bottom hole
temperature. The resilient coating aids in the reduction of fines generation by
encapsulating cracked substrate grains, thus permitting longer pumping times for
placement in high temperature wells.
Atlas Crce2040 PDF
ATLAS CRC-E is made using technologies that are a company secret. We do not know what the process is or what chemicals are used. A general definition of proppants on Wiki leaves some alarming possibilities as to the make-up of these proprietary technologies:
While the fracking fluid itself varies in composition depending on the type of fracturing used, and can be gel, foam or slickwater-based. In addition, there may be unconventional fracking fluids. Fluids make tradeoffs in such material properties as viscosity, where more viscous fluids can carry more concentrated proppant; the energy or pressure demands to maintain a certain flux pump rate (flow velocity) that will conduct the proppant appropriately; pH, various rheological factors, among others. In addition, fluids may be used in low-volume well stimulation of high-permeability sandstone wells (20k to 80k gallons per well) to the high-volume operations such as shale gas and tight gas that use millions of gallons of water per well.
Conventional wisdom has often vacillated about the relative superiority of gel, foam and slickwater fluids with respect to each other, which is in turn related to proppant choice. For example, Zuber, Kuskraa and Sawyer (1988) found that gel-based fluids seemed to achieve the best results for coalbed methane operations, but as of 2012, slickwater treatments are more popular.
Ignoring proppant, slickwater fracturing fluids are mostly water, generally 99% or more by volume, but gel-based fluids can see polymers and surfactants comprising as much as 7 vol% , ignoring other additives. Other common additives include hydrochloric acid (low pH can etch certain rocks, dissolving limestone for instance), friction reducers, guar gum, biocides, emulsion breaker and emulsifiers.
Radioactive tracer isotopes are sometimes included in the hydrofracturing fluid to determine the injection profile and location of fractures created by hydraulic fracturing. Patents describe in detail how several tracers are typically used in the same well. Wells are hydraulically fractured in different stages. Tracers with different half-lives are used for each stage. Their half-lives range from 40.2 hours (Lanthanum-140) to 5.27 years (Cobalt-60). Amounts per injection of radionuclide are listed in The US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) guidelines.The NRC guidelines also list a wide range or radioactive materials in solid, liquid and gaseous forms that are used as field flood or enhanced oil and gas recovery study applications tracers used in single and multiple wells.
Except for diesel-based additive fracturing fluids, noted by the American Environmental Protection Agency to have a higher proportion of volatile organic compounds and carcinogenic BTEX, use of fracturing fluids in hydraulic fracturing operations was explicitly excluded from regulation under the American Clean Water Act in 2005, a legislative move that has since attracted controversy for being the product of special interests lobbying.WIKI